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“三智融合”改变未来交通

2019-05-10 10:05:12 来源:中国交通新闻网 原创 作者:杨晓光

正在紧锣密鼓筹办中的“2019第十三届中国国际智能交通展览会”规模宏大,将集中展示世界智能交通领域的最新成果。何谓智能交通,智能交通要做什么?众所周知,我们的城市本是文明进步的产物,但交通拥挤、停车难等令人头疼的“城市病”却日益严重,发展智能交通被认为是破解交通难题的一条途径。

“三智”融合发展成为必然趋势

斯诺克比赛下注平台shangshiji80niandaizhongqi,yioumeiriweidaibiaodegaodugongyehuaguojiahediqu,mianduiriyijianruidejiaotongwenti,yunyongshuzihua、wangluohua、xinxihuahezhinenghuajishuzonghegaishanjiaotong,yi1994nianzaifaguozhaokaidediyijieshijiezhinengjiaotongxitong(its)dahuiweibiaozhi,lakaileshijiezhinengjiaotongfazhandedamu。jintian,bansuizheyidongtongxin、dashujuhezhinengjishudengxinjishuderixinyueyi,yizhinengwanglianjiaotong、duomoshijiaotongyizhanshifuwu、gongxiangjiaotong、zhudongjiaotongguanliyukongzhi、keshihuajuecedengweidianxingyingyongdexinyidaizhinengjiaotongxitongyijianduanni。jianshezhongde“qiannianzhicheng”——xionganxinqu,qizhongyigezhongyaodemubiaojiushishixianduozhongjiaotongfangshishunchanghuanchenghe“wufengxianjie”,dazaobianjie、anquan、lvse、zhinengdejiaotongxitong。

斯诺克比赛下注平台zhihuishehui、zhihuichengshi、zhinengjiaotong(jiancheng“sanzhi”)ronghefazhanjiangchengweibiranqushi。zhinengjiaotongshigepangdadetixi,baokuoxianjindechuxingzhexinxixitong、jiaotongguanlixitong、gonggongjiaotongxitong、jinjijiaotongjiuyuanguanlixitong、cheliangkongzhixitong,yijigaoxiaodewuliujiaotongxitongdeng。zhihuichengshishichengshifazhandexinjieduan,jianlizaigaodufadadexinxiwangluohezhinengjishujichushang,yizhishi、xinxi、rencaiweihexinziyuan,shixianchengshiguanliheyunxingdezhinenghua,jingji、shehuifazhanyushengtaixitonggaoduxiediao,yicujinchengshidehexie、kechixuchengzhang。zhihuishehuishiwoguojianshechuangxinxingguojiadezhuyaomubiaozhiyi,yixinxijishu、shujukexue、rengongzhinengdengweijishuyinqing,shixianshengchanmoshizhinenghua、shehuiguanli、zhilihefuwuzhinenghua。

woguo“sanzhi”xitongjiansheyijileilefengfudeshujuxinxihejisuanziyuan,yijiduomoshitongxinwangluodengronghefazhanjichu。bansui5gtongxinjishu、dashujuyunyong、rengongzhinengdengjishuchengguojiasutouruchanyehuayingyong,“sanzhi”tixideronghefazhanzhujianbianweixianshi。tebieshi“shehui—chengshi—jiaotong”debenzhiyitixingjuedingle“sanzhi”ronghefazhandebiyaoxinghezhongyaoxing,suizheweilai“zheng、chan、xue、yan、yongheziben”detonglihezuo,dapoxingyehejishunaizhitizhibilei、chongfenzhenghegefangziyuan,zhenzhengshixiankeyingyongderonghefazhanbijiangchengweiqushi。

“jiaotongshirenhewudeyidong,gezhongyunshuheyoudiantongxindezongcheng”,yidonghulianwangweizhinengjiaotongtigongleqiangdadefuwuyuguanlipingtai,yijihailiangdeduoyuanyigoushujuhexinxiziyuantiaojian。tebieshisuizhezhinengjiaotongxiangzhinengwanglianxietonghequanxihuafangxiangdefazhansudubuduanjiakuai,daolushangdeqichexiangyuqunyiyangziyouyidong、“wuxuhonglvdeng”yikeanquantongguoshizilukoudeshidaijiangchengweixianshi。neishi,qichekeyidongtaidizuchengchequn,tongguoyunkongpingtaishixianjiaotongxitongzusaizuixiao、zuianquanqiexiaolvzuijiahua;dangbunenghuobufangbianjiashishi,kekaiqizidongjiashimoshi,zidonggenjushishijiaotongxinxi,xuanzelukuangzuijiadexingshiluxian;neishilaoren、canzhangrenshiyekedandujiachechuxing。suiranxianzaishijieshangceshizhongdezidongjiashiqicheshiguduofa,shenzhihaichuchehuo,danfazhanzhinengwanglianhezidongjiashijiaotongjiangshidaqushi。

国内重量级互联网企业大都投入智能交通运输领域

weilaidechuxing,biruyaodaobeijingqukaihui,zhinengjiaotongchuxingyunfuwupingtaihuimashangtigongyigezuijiazuhededuomoshi(sijiache、chuzuche、ditie、gongjiao、gaotiehefeijideng)yizhanshifuwu,bingyulukuang、tianqi、zhusu、huichang、tingchedengxiangguanlianxinxifuwuyoujizhenghedefangan。haiyou,ruguoyaowaichuyongcan,suoxuanzedecanguandidiandengzhilingyichu,chengshizhinengyunjisuanpingtaijiuketuijianzuijiadechuxingfangshi、yucexingchengshijian、youhualujingdeng;ruguozijijiachechuxing,zehuidedaochufashike、tingchechangjitingcheweiyoudaodengfuwu。zheixiegongnengyuanxingxitong,tongjidaxuezhinengjiaotongyunshuxitong(its)yanjiuzhongxinyijingshixian。

“三智”融合发展路径。首先要以社会、城市与综合交通系统和谐可持续发展为基本目标,制定相关的数据、信息和智能技术等统一的标准体系,自上而下与自下而上融合“三智”体系于一体。包括建立集“三智”为一体的标准体系,从而实现跨领域横向、纵向信息资源共享与业务协同。标准体系应包括信息技术基础标准、信息资源标准、网络基础设施标准、信息安全标准、应用标准等。

统一数据资源。斯诺克比赛下注平台打造数据与信息资源集约和共享数据平台已成为大趋势。智能社会建设中,应优化共享机制,完善共享平台,推动各方面数据向共享交换乃至交易平台汇聚。从而实现建造、制造、金融、医疗、教育、旅游、养老等与交通(人和物移动)的高度融合,汇成全社会共享的大数据平台、社会治理与服务平台。

推动协同发展。“三智”融合发展需要智能社会大环境下的各行业同步发展、突破体制、机制和技术瓶颈,形成综合闭环智能治理—管理—服务—城市重构体系。如智慧城市与智能交通一体化,则必须建立城市大数据汇聚管理与云计算分析平台,支撑城市与交通大数据从处理分析层向应用层、全息感知层延伸。目前,急需突破关键技术瓶颈,“三智”相关各方应协同创建开放式“双创”平台。

斯诺克比赛下注平台weilaidejiaotonghechengshinaizhishehuiguanlizhengxiangfuwufazhan,“fuwujiqikexuejiangchengweishijiejingjifazhandehexintuidongli”。zhihuichengshihezhinengshehuitongguozonghejiaotongyunshuwangluo,zhishaobaokuochengshiyongdi、jingjiheshehuihuodongxiangguandexuqiuwang、gongjiaodengyunshuwang、sheshiwang、fuwuwang、hulianwang、ganzhiwang、guankongwang、tongxinwang、jizhiwang、shenjingwangdeng,zhuanhuaweijudadefuwutixi,cujinzhinengfuwuxingzhihuijingjiyetaidexingcheng,suoyi,guoneizhongliangjihulianwangqiyejihuwuliwaiditouruzhinengjiaotongyunshulingyu。

斯诺克比赛下注平台weilaidezhinengjiaotongxitongjiangyouyidonghulianwanghewulianwang(iot)、zhinengjiaotongsheshi(iti)、zhinengjiaotonggongjuhezhihuichuxingfuwutixidengzhonggou。zhinengjiaotongsheshi(iti)baokuoquanxiganzhiwangluo、zhinengdaolu、zhinengshuniu,yijichongdiandaoluyusheshideng;zhinengjiaotonggongjubaokuoxinnengyuanqiche、zhinengwanglianqicheyucheluxietongxitong、gongxiangyidonghezidongjiashi。zhihuichuxingfuwuzequyujingzhunyupinzhihua、jishiyukekao、bianlijishushi、ziyuanyueshujijingjixingdeng。

“sanzhi”deronghefazhan,bujinzhengzaibingchixushenkedigaibianwomensuoshuxidejiaotongyuyunshutixi,gengjiangcanyugoujianweilaideshehuiyuchengshi,cujinshehuizuzhiyuchengshixitongdeshenduzhenghe,cujinchengshigaodushehuihua;yindaoshehuixuqiuzhinengshengji,cujinyidongshehuidexingcheng;zhonggoujiaotongxitong,shendutishengchengshidegongnenghexingneng。yinci,jixuquanmiankaizhanxiangguanjichulilunheguanjianjishuyanjiu,peiyubingfazhanzhihuixingchanyehejingji,peiyangkuaxueke、kuaxingyedechuangxinxingrencai。

(作者为同济大学交通运输工程学院教授、智能交通运输系统研究中心主任)

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